UC School of Music DMA Seminar PastThursday, Aug 6, 2015 ,
Jonathan Gemmill - Persian Music at the Ottoman Court, Modes and Improvisations on the Oud and Nay
The secular art music of Turkey has undergone significant changes since the mid 17th century. This presentation sheds light on the earlier predominantly Persian style performed at the Ottoman court in the 16th century.
Two collections of early Ottoman art music have survived in the notations of the Polish born Ali Ufki and Moldavian prince Demetrius Cantemir. These date to c.1650 and c.1700 respectively. Many pieces in these collections were composed by mostly anonymous Persian musicians that were 'spoils of war', captured in Persia and Central Asia during the conquests of Suleiman 'the magnificent' and Selim I 'the grim' in the 16th century. These Persian musicians and some of their repertoire were transplanted to the Ottoman court at Constantinople. There will be an analysis of the melodic modes and their structure at the time. Examples of some of these modes will be demonstrated via traditional improvisations on the oud and nay.
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